PRESENTACION
Fundada en 1990, SOS PAPA , que cuenta con 6.000 miembros, es la asociación de padres más importante e influyente de Francia.

En el año 2003, se han recibido en sus dependencias a más de 4.000 padres, a los que se les ha proporcionado escucha, ayuda y consejo.

Su presupuesto sobrepasa los 100.000 euros anuales, con las únicas cotizaciones de sus miembros. Se trata de una asociación completamente independiente de los profesionales del divorcio y de los partidos políticos.

La asociación tiene su sede en París y cuenta con 20 delegaciones en Francia. Asimismo, posee numerosos contactos en el extranjero : en EE.UU, Japón y Europa.


Anny Duperey, actress,
sponsor of SOS PAPA.


Michel Thizon,
foundator of SOS Papa

 
  • SOS PAPA ha organizado en Francia las primeras manifestaciones de padres en la vía pública.
  • SOS PAPA ha participado en más de 40 emisiones televisivas y ha sido objeto de 700 artículos de prensa durante los últimos 5 años.
  • SOS PAPA realiza y publica estudios especializados y bien detallados.
  • SOS PAPA edacta proposiciones de ley que comunica a los ministros y a los miembros del parlamento.
  • SOS PAPA presentó 6 candidatos en París para las elecciones legislativas de 1997 bajo su propio nombre. Algo que nunca había hecho hasta entonces ninguna otra asociación de padres..

 

Association  SOS PAPA 78  - Central office

34, rue du Président Wilson
B.P. 49
(F) 78231  LE PECQ Cedex
Tél. +33 1.39.76.19.99        Fax +33 1.30.15.07.43

PHILOSOPHY


A favor de la dejudiciarización del divorcio y a favor de leyes que tengan en cuenta la evolución de la familia, los verdaderos intereses del niño y la igualdad de derechos de cada uno de los progenitores. Leyes que conduzcan a rebajar las tensiones de la separación, que retiren a los abogados el divorcio ante la demanda conyugal y que impongan límites a la arbitrariedad de los magistrados en los procedimientos en los que el oscurantismo social y el sexismo pueden influir gravemente en las decisiones.

"El amor niño-padres es más fuerte y permanente que el amor hombre-mujer, estos últimos se divorcian a menudo porque el amor se consume. El niño, por el contrario, no se divorcia de sus padres.
Sus dos amores quedarían intactos si no se hiciera daño al niño, si no se le obligara a elecciones imposibles. La familia que se formó con su nacimiento sigue existiendo.
Los amores de hombres y mujeres pueden apagarse y en ocasiones de forma cruel, pero las consecuencias no suelen ser catastróficas. Mucho más cruel, estúpida y devastadora es la destrucción de la relación afectiva del niño con "el otro" de sus progenitores, el miembro excluido, cuando se rompen los lazos familiares. Las culpables de este fenómeno son las leyes y las prácticas sociales y judiciales aberrantes, que tienen una concepción de la familia económica y sexista, y que violan los Derechos del Niño, olvidando por completo sus necesidades afectivas y psicológicas vitales, y comprometiendo gravemente su equilibrio y su futuro social.
Cualquier violación del amor que el niño experimenta con respecto a uno de sus progenitores tendrá consecuencias para el futuro de toda la sociedad de la que dichos niños formarán parte en la siguiente generación "

 



PROPOSITIONS

The judicial structures and practices have amply shown their inability to handle parental separation in the true interests of the children. and according to the fundamental rights of fathers and mothers. The " reconciliation attempts " procedures as prescribed by law has completely disappeared in practice. Conflicts becoming more acute instead of this opportunity being seized to explore all possibility of agreement for the children’s’ welfare.

- The practice of closed " in camera " hearings; the judges overloaded with cases, whose power is practically absolute with decisions impossible to monitor; the imprecision of the laws; these are all factors which militate against a guarantee of equity in the family justice rendered " in the name of the People of France ".
- Associate with each Judge of Family Affairs (JAF) lay-people, possibly to be elected, parents who will guarantee certain defined family principles, who will take on the interviews, the audition of children, the conciliatory meetings, the follow-up of situations of conflict and of everything concerning child well-being and parental rights. They will assist the GAF during hearings and represent family feeling and democratic monitoring.
- Publish monthly statistics for each judge regarding assignment of residence of the children, exercise of parental authority and the rights accorded.
- Make judges civilly responsible for their decisions (cf. Declaration of the President of the Republic, as the counterpart of judges independent status.
- Obligatory reconciliation meetings between parents where there are conflicts concerning children and the creation of centres for information and preparation for divorce.
- Encouragement, as opposed to " judicial warfare ", of " divorce by agreement " (joint applications, real and successful conciliation...) at lower cost and without obligatory recourse to a lawyer as at present. The legal advisers (attorneys, notaries) will remain necessary for material aspects and the dividing-up of property if any.


At present, in the name of " the interest of the child ", diametrically opposite judgements can be rendered in identical cases. The only available definition is in reality the text of the International Convention on Children’s’ Rights considered in its totality. The notion of " exercise of parental authority " remains undefined and no penal measure is available against deliberate and repeated breach of this principle. This means that the parent with whom, by judge’s assignment, the child principally residences habitually takes all decisions with absolutely no consultation of the other parent, rendering very illusory in practice this " parental authority " which in itself is an archaic term.

- Legislate for a sufficiently clear and precise definition of what is involved in the notion of the interest of the child, in particular in the case of parental separation seperation which is where a precise interpretation is most often needed.
- Replace the expression " parental authority " with " parental responsibility " in the texts.
- Define the concepts and the practical rights involved in the possession of " parental authority ".
- Define penal or other measures against the breach of the principle of parental authority by one parent, to the detriment of the rights of the other parent.
- Restitution of the right to exercise parental authority to the 500 000 parents (including 30 000 mothers) who are still deprived of it because divorced before the law of January 8 th, 1993.


The child, who should remain a symbol of life and of love, is increasingly instrumentalised in our society of divorce and controlled maternity. He or she is too often an economic shield or source of income and even the object of a need for possession or to assert oneself, without consideration of the child’s rights as a person.


- Penal prosecution of the parent who cuts off the child from the other parent, before any legal decision, so as to create a de facto situation leading to interruption of the child-parent relationship which can last for months.
- Systematic proposal by the courts of the transfer of the child’s principal residence to the other parent if cases of non-presentation of the child occur on the part of the parent first having that entitlement.
- Real judicial prosecution for non-presentation of children and with the same severity as for the non-payment of maintenance which, on the basis of a given number of cases, leads to 15 times more convictions.
- Systematic reassessment of the assignment of principal residence when the " guardian " parent has moved or arranged placement of the child without necessity at a distance which is an obstacle to visits by the access of the " non-guardian " parent.
- Travelling costs for exchange of children (holidays, week-ends) to be paid by the parent who has voluntarily removed the child from the initial place of residence.


While a third of births are now outside marriage several categories of children with differing entitlements according to their condition of birth were introduced by the Senate, under the influence of the attorney and senator Dreyfuss-Schmidt, at the time of adoption of the law of January 8 th, 1993 (criteria concerning cohabitation with the mother for the un-married father, requirement to apply to the courts for a simple certificate of cohabitation which does not really confer " parental authority "). When separations occur in conflict un-married fathers find themselves with no established rights and immediately lose contact with the child.


- Automatic and legally recognised exercise of " parental authority " for every, married or not, having legally recognised a child. Any withdrawal of this authority to be based on specified reasons and to require a court decision.
(done in law : march 2002)
- In the case of children of " unknown fathers " forceful incitement of the mothers, even an obligation, to designate the presumptive father or fathers and launch of genetic procedures by the authorities.
- Recognition of the right of a child to be informed of his or her origins. Abolition of the existing entitlement of mothers to have their names unrecorded when giving birth since the procedures for abandonment of rights and obligations and for adoption are sufficient to meet every particular situation. Option for the father agree to raise the child.


" Good " parents but who are non " guardian " suffer from objectively discriminatory treatment on state health insurance, state children’s allowances and tax payment: although they lodge, feed and take care of their children, often more than 100 days a year, they receive the same treatment as childless bachelors of the same revenue " bad " parents who never exercise their rights to feed and lodge their children.


- Extension of a " non-guardian " parents state health insurance cover to the child so that the parent can be sure of refund when the child is treated at weekends or during holidays in his or her care.
- Attribution of a part of the state children’s allowances to parents who lodge and feed a child more than 60 days a year.
- Attribution of a share in family tax reduction entitlement to parents who lodge and feed a child more than 60 days a year.


When some children are assigned to one and others to the second parent large family status and increased allowances no longer apply. The Children’s Allowances Administration avails of this opportunity to reduce the overall sum to be paid.


- Overall payment level to be maintained when some children are assigned to one and others to the second parent.


The conditions for psychological and emotional balance of children are not taken adequately into consideration. Viewpoints are often outdated. In this way an old decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal (" Court de Cassation ") blocks the possibility of alternate " guardianship " which in certain circumstances are excellent solutions.


- Introduce into law the possibility of programmed periods of residence with variable alternance frequency according to the children’s age (short periods for very young children).(done in law : march 2002)


The levels of maintenance payments are determined in a purely arbitrary fashion and left to the sole appreciation of the judge.


- Furthermore sudden loss of revenues (loss of employment...) leave the parent who pays confronted with impossible financial obligations during the months required for the revision procedure.
- Backdating of reductions in maintenance for sudden loss in revenue and a significant speed-up of the procedures for these situations.
- Drafting of official guidelines for determining maintenance payment levels using variable data and promoting a more objective appreciation of every sort of situation.


The " meeting-points " which could have served as instruments to promote mediation and communication between hostile parents when exchanging children have quickly changed to tools of psychological power and anti-father repression.


- Prohibition of the placement under psychological surveillance in a " meeting point ", and against his or her will, of a parent who has been the object of no conviction or indictment.
- Closure of " meeting points "  which cannot lodge parents who have to travel to come there, which do not allow outings or which limit visits to 2 or 3 hours. They should be replaced by provision of a service which accompanies children from their homes and back again.


Communication between Family affairs Judges and the Public Prosecution Office and systematic indictment of anyone who has given false testimony or made false accusations with a view to limiting a parent’s visiting rights. The habits of most courts are out-dated where the definition of visiting rights is concerned: every second week-end and half of the holidays.


- Introduce systematically in the judicial decisions the conditions of telephone contact between the children and the parent who is excluded from their daily lives.
- Introduce systematically in the judicial decisions the visiting and lodging rights on Wednesdays, public holidays and holiday " long week-ends "
(translator’s note: French children have no school or shorter hours on Wednesdays).